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Interior stain prep List
For New Wood Application
- Remove all hardware or cover hardware that cannot be removed.
- Surface must be dry and free of contaminants such as waxes, silicones, glues and dirt.
- Do not use steel wool or anything that may leave iron particulate on the wood surface.
- Repair any defects in the surface, such as holes and cracks using only quality, acrylic-based tinted wood fillers to match the color of the project. Wood filler must be allowed to dry completely prior to sanding.
- Extra effort in sanding will pay off in aesthetics. Use 120-150 grit sandpaper and always sand with the grain for best results.
- Remove dust particles by vacuuming and wipe with damp cloth.
- Test formula on an inconspicuous wood surface to ensure proper colour and penetration.
For Previously Finished Wood Surfaces
- Purity Clear can be applied over various solvent and water based products by following these steps:
- Ensure surface is completely clean, dry and free from contamination.
- Light sanding may be considered for smoothing and improved adhesion.
- Remove all sanding dust and contaminants.
- Test apply a sample of product to ensure adequate levelling, drying and adhesion characteristics.
- Proceed with application of product.
Interior Stain Do’s and Don’ts
Clean All Surfaces - Proper surface preparation is the key to any successful project. Coatings require a clean, sound surface free of dirt, dust, mildew.
Always prepare the wood with a light sanding– A common problem that can happen with staining is uneven or no penetration. This can be as a result of what is often Mill-glaze. Mill-glaze is caused by the machinery that is used to make the shapes that are in the wood. It can be as a result of the wood cells being crushed close, or the friction drawing all the sap to the surface and essentially glueing the surface closed so the stain can’t penetrate in.
Follow Directions - Take a few moments to read over the supplied manufacturers instructions. Every product has some unique applications which should always be adhered to.
Always sand in the direction of the grain
Do a test sample first to ensure colour and sheen
Don’t sand cross grain – Although you can’t see the scratches initially, they will be noticeable when the clear coat is applied.
Don’t work beneath heating and air conditioning vents – This is a guaranteed way of getting dust particles into the finish, making it rough or bumpy.
Don’t work in direct sunlight – Even if you are simply in front of a window, when using water base coatings it can cause the stain and or clear coat to dry way too fast.
Interior stain tool list
- Sanding supplies. 100-grit (medium) products for sanding the raw wood. 240- or 280-grit (extra-fine) sanding paper, sponges and pads for sanding between clear coats.
- Brushes. Poly/Nylon for water base finishes. China Bristle for solvents
- 100-percent cotton painter’s rags.
- Gloves. Staining always involves working the product into the wood, so it can get messy!.
- Mineral spirits/Water, depending upon what product you are using.
- Tack cloths.. Use them to eliminate dust after you sand between coats.
- Patience and the right advice form the experts at SouthPointe Paint and Décor.
- Drop cloths and or poly to protect surfaces depending on where you’re working on the project
Interior Stain Application Tips
- Wood preparation and product choice is important! Find out the right product for your project by talking with the professionals first!
- Interior stains colour the wood by absorbing into it. Most are not like paint, which simply sits on the top and provides colour that way. If you were to apply a penetrating or wiping stain over a finished service it would simply wipe off. So when using those products you would definetly need to sand with a variety of different sandpapers and/or strip the existing coating off with a chemical stripper.
- Here’s where it can get confusing. Some interior wood products are tinted clear coats that CAN go overtop of existing coatings. Some gel stains can as well.
- At SouthPointe we recommend you coming by the store or giving us a call simply because there is such a wide variety of circumstances that can affect the process you choose to do with your interior wood project.
- Generally stains simply provide the colour and not the protection. That is why it is necessary to clear coat the wood after staining.
- Be sure to give us a call, or come by the store with pictures and the details of your project so we can help you do it right, the first time, every time.